International Latest News Videos and Photos

Exploring Taiwan’s Rich Habitat: Raptors, Butterflies, Bugs

Nestled within the breathtaking landscapes of Taiwan lies a hidden gem for nature enthusiasts and nature lovers. One of the best places to observe the rich habitat in Taiwan is the Guanyinshan Area, located in the northern part of the island. This mountainous area is home to a remarkable array of bird species, thanks to its diverse ecosystems ranging from dense forests. Since the place is famous for its raptors, there is even a museum here called the Guanyinshan Raptor Museum. This is a testament to Taiwan’s rich biodiversity and conservation efforts. The Raptor Museum offers an immersive experience into the world of raptors, showcasing the diverse species that inhabit Taiwan’s skies.

The museum features a range of educational exhibits designed to inform and inspire visitors of all ages. From life-sized replicas of different raptor species to multimedia presentations highlighting their ecological significance, visitors can delve deep into the world of birds of prey. Additionally, interpretive displays offer insights into the conservation challenges facing raptors and the efforts underway to protect these majestic birds and their habitats.

Among the most iconic raptors found in Taiwan are the Crested Serpent Eagle (Spilornis cheela), the Taiwan Blue Magpie (Urocissa caerulea), the Black-winged Kite (Elanus caeruleus), and the Collared Scops Owl (Otus lettia). These and many other species thrive in Taiwan’s ecosystems, demonstrating the island’s importance as a haven for birds of prey.

Raptors hold a special place in Taiwan’s natural heritage, symbolizing the island’s ecological richness and resilience. As stewards of Taiwan’s natural environment, it is our collective responsibility to protect and conserve these magnificent birds of prey for generations to come. By fostering greater awareness, supporting conservation efforts, and celebrating the beauty of Taiwan’s raptors, we can ensure that these majestic predators continue to grace the skies of Taiwan for years to come.


Butterflies and Unicorn Bugs of Taiwan

Taiwan, a land of vibrant culture and breathtaking landscapes, is also home to a rich diversity of butterflies and many other insects, including moths, ants, wasps, and unicorn beetles. Taiwan’s subtropical climate, diverse ecosystems, and varied topography provide a hospitable environment for these delicate creatures to thrive. In Taiwanese culture, butterflies hold significant symbolism, often representing love, transformation, and the soul. Their graceful fluttering movements have inspired poetry, art, and folklore for centuries. In traditional Taiwanese belief systems, butterflies are also seen as messengers between the living and the dead, adding a mystical allure to these enchanting insects.

Taiwan boasts an impressive array of butterfly species, with over 400 recorded varieties. These include both native species and migrants that pass through the island during their seasonal migrations. Some of the most iconic species found in Taiwan include:


Swallowtails: Taiwan is home to several species of swallowtail butterflies, known for their striking colors and long, graceful tails. The endemic Formosan swallowtail (Papilio helenus formosanus) is a particularly stunning sight with its vivid blue markings.

Monarchs: The monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) is a familiar sight in Taiwan, especially during its annual migrations. These iconic butterflies travel thousands of kilometers, passing through Taiwan on their journey between breeding and overwintering grounds.

Whites and Yellows: The Pieridae family, which includes whites and yellows, is well-represented in Taiwan. Species like the common grass yellow (Eurema hecabe) and the cabbage white (Pieris rapae) can be found flitting among gardens and open spaces throughout the island.

Nymphalids: Nymphalid butterflies, known for their intricate patterns and vibrant colors, are abundant in Taiwan. Species like the blue tiger (Tirumala limniace) and the common lascar (Pantoporia hordonia) add a splash of color to Taiwan’s forests and grasslands.

Many of these beautiful creatures can be seen in the mid part of Taiwan at the Cing Shuei Yan Exhibition Center. This is one of the best places to understand Taiwan’s insects. Since the exhibition center is located in the heart of Bagua Mountain, there are many opportunities to see insects in their natural habitat too. Many nature lovers come here to understand the world of insects. Collectors often bring their butterfly specimens to share more information with visitors. Among these insects, the Rhinoceros Beetle (Unicorn Bug) also has a very significant role. This majestic insect captivates both entomologists and nature enthusiasts alike with its mythical appearance and intriguing behaviors.


The lifecycle of the Unicorn Bug is as fascinating as its appearance. Adult beetles emerge from the soil during the rainy season, where they mate and lay their eggs in decaying wood or compost piles. The larvae, often referred to as “grubs,” feed voraciously on organic matter, gradually growing in size until they pupate and emerge as fully-formed adults. During their brief adult stage, Rhinoceros Beetles focus on mating and dispersing, completing the cycle of life in Taiwan’s forests.

Taiwanese-American director Jay says, “We are in Changhua city, we just finished looking around at these great museums about insects, butterflies, and beetles. This is the season right now for the special stag beetle (Unicorn Bug). That’s really unique here. Please come and check it out.”

Despite their cultural significance and ecological importance, Taiwan’s butterflies and Unicorn Bugs face threats from habitat loss, pollution, collection for the pet trade, and climate change. Conservation efforts are underway to protect all insects of Taiwan, such as raising awareness about their importance and monitoring populations. Initiatives such as butterfly gardens, eco-tourism projects, and community-based conservation programs play a crucial role in safeguarding Taiwan’s insect diversity for future generations to enjoy

Leave a comment

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More