Exploring the Wonders of Khewra: Pakistan’s Salt Mine Marvel

Deep within the heart of the Punjab region in Pakistan lies a hidden wonder, a geological marvel that has fascinated explorers and scientists for centuries – the Khewra Salt Mine. Established in the 13th century by the great Alexander the Great, the Khewra Salt Mine is the world’s second-largest salt mine and is nestled within the foothills of the magnificent Salt Range. Its history dates back to its discovery by Alexander’s troops in 320 BC, but it started trading in the Mughal era. Naveed Malik, the Chief Mining engineer of The Khewra, tells about the history of the mine, “How it was discovered, however, not by Alexander, nor by his allies, but by his army’s horses when they were found licking the stones.”

The Khewra Salt Mine holds immense historical significance, serving as a vital source of salt production since ancient times. What makes Khewra truly unique is its geological formation. Millions of years ago, when the region was submerged under the ancient Tethys Sea, vast deposits of salt were left behind as the waters receded.


A Journey Inside the Khewra Salt Mine:

Inside the mine, one is greeted by a mesmerizing spectacle of salt formations, carved by nature over millennia. From majestic salt pillars to delicate crystal formations, every corner of Khewra tells a story of Earth’s geological evolution. “The Khewra Salt Mine is not just a place of work; it is a symbol of our heritage and identity. The length of the mine is 3 km, and 1 km is the visiting area for tourists, and the rest of the 2 km is the working area. The total area of this mine is 110 square miles, with a total of 17 levels. The salt from Khewra is renowned for its quality and purity, used not only for culinary purposes but also in various industries around the world,” Mr. Abid, the Senior Mine Guide said.

Tourist Mr. Taher Sohail, who came to visit the mine said, ‘It is very interesting; there are so many lovely attractions inside the mine. We are standing at the 6th level, and there are 11 more levels down with lovely salt brickworks and water chambers that look very unusual.'”

Khewra has been a well-liked tourist attraction in recent years, drawing people from all over the world who are in awe of its beauty and history. The exquisite Khewra Salt Mosque is constructed entirely of salt bricks. It has elaborate salt carvings and spectacular chandeliers made of salt crystal. A wide range of salt-based goods, including lamps, souvenirs, and even edible salt, may be purchased at the bustling Salt Miner’s Bazaar. The Ponds of Salt Brine are concentrated saltwater pools that are fascinating to observe.


Khewra’s Therapeutic Environment for Asthma Patients:

Asthma patients typically spend about 110 hours inside the mine during treatment. The patients suffering from Asthma have to spend 6 to 8 hours in the mines in a day. The salt has antiphobic, antimicrobial, and antibacterial properties. The nanoparticles of sodium absorb germs and purify the air; this purified air then enters into the lungs of the patient and creates immunity. Approximately 50 patients per annum were being treated at the Asthma Resort. Eighty percent of Asthma patients cured and treated at the resort, mostly young and self-motivated patients, used to show signs of improvement in a short period. Mr. Bilal Awan, an asthma patient, also visited the Khewra mine for the treatment of his disease and is satisfied with the services that the doctors are providing, fully equipped with expert doctors.


Economic and Industrial Impact of Khewra Salt Mine:

The Khewra Salt Mine supports a wide range of industries, from manufacturing to agriculture, as a result of the growing need for salt in both domestic and international markets. Beyond the mining industry, the Khewra Salt Mine offers economic advantages that enable entrepreneurs to develop and produce salt-based goods with additional value. The Pakistani government has made significant expenditures in infrastructure and technology, recognizing the strategic significance of the Khewra Salt Mine. These measures have increased the mine’s productivity and competitiveness on a global scale. “The Mining Engineer Naveed Malik also said that this mine is Asia’s largest extraction; since the past 30 years, we have extracted about 10 million tons of salt from this mine.” If we talk about the depth which has been explored till now is around 6000 meters below which is all 100% pure salt. The annual production of this mine is 4 million tons of salt which is mainly used domestically and exported around the globe.


Symbol of Resilience and Economic Growth:

One of the main pillars of Pakistan’s economic growth plan is the Khewra Salt Mine, which promotes prosperity and regional development. The Khewra Salt Mine is a tribute to the transforming potential of natural resources when ethically used for the benefit of all, and it serves as a symbol of perseverance and originality as Pakistan continues its journey towards economic prosperity. The Khewra Salt Mine illuminates the way towards a successful and inclusive future for future generations, standing as a light of development and promise amid the dynamic landscape of Pakistan’s expanding economy. Beyond its geological significance, the Khewra Salt Mine from its historical beginnings to its current function in promoting wellbeing and economic prosperity.


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